LSD Today

LEGAL STATUS OF LSD TODAY


The United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances (adopted in 1971) requires its parties (USA, Australia, New Zealand, and most of Europe) to prohibit LSD. However, enforcement of extant laws varies from country to country. Medical and scientific research with LSD in humans is permitted under the 1971 UN Convention. Let's take a look at the different legal statuses of LSD in Canada, USA, UK and Germany:

Canada

In Canada, LSD is a controlled substance under Schedule III of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. Every person who seeks to obtain the substance, without disclosing authorization to obtain such substances 30 days before obtaining another prescription from a practitioner, is guilty of an indictable offense and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years. Possession for purpose of trafficking is an indictable offense punishable by imprisonment for 10 years.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, LSD is a class A drug. This means possession of the drug without a license is punishable with 7 years imprisonment and/or an unlimited fine, and trafficking is punishable with life imprisonment and an unlimited fine (see main article on drug punishments Misuse of Drugs Act 1971). In 2000, after consultation with members of the Royal College of Psychiatrists' Faculty of Substance Misuse, the UK Police Foundation issued the Runciman Report which recommended "the transfer of LSD from Class A to Class B". In November 2009, the UK Transform Drug Policy Foundation released in the House of Commons a guidebooks to the legal regulation of drugs, After the War on Drugs: Blueprint for Regulation, which details options for regulated distribution and sale of LSD and other psychedelics.

United States

LSD is Schedule I in the United States, according to the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. This means LSD is illegal to manufacture, buy, possess, process, or distribute without a licence from the DEA (Drug Enforcement Admnistration). By classifying LSD as a Schedule I substance, the Drug Enforcement Administration holds that LSD meets the following three criteria: it is deemed to have a high potential for abuse; it has no legitimate medical use in treatment; and there is a lack of accepted safety for its use under medical supervision. There are no documented deaths from chemical toxicity; most LSD deaths are a result of behavioral toxicity. There can also be substantial discrepancies between the amount of chemical LSD that one possesses and the amount of possession with which one can be charged in the U.S. This is because LSD is almost always present in a medium (e.g. blotter or neutral liquid), and the amount that can be considered with respect to sentencing is the total mass of the drug and its medium. This discrepancy was the subject of 1995 United States Supreme Court case, Neal v. U.S.

LSD Traffic and Consumption today

Even if LSD is not as en vogue as it was in the 60's, this drug is still sold and consumed, generally by young adults, at festive events like party or festivals (however rarely sold at bars and clubs), in association with other legal as well as illegal drugs such as alcohol, tobacco, marijuana ans/or ecstasy. The price varies from 8 to 90 Euros for a blotter, 10 euros on average.

The rather compact black market of LSD is still largely dominated by UK Citizens. But recent events shows that there are still a demand in other countries such as France (tendency stable or decreasing, more informations on: http://www.caat.online.fr/drogues/lsd1.htm) and that the suppression of the borders within the Schengen space mostly facilitated the trafic of such drugs, which consumption and selling for the reasons former exposed are strictly forbidden in almost every country.

- see the  story of the latest arrest of a 19 year old young American men, who was caught with 20 dosage units of LSD in Asheville, North Carolina, USA in March 2012. URL: http://www.citizen-times.com/article/20120327/NEWS/303270037/Asheville-man-charged-selling-LSD-mushrooms

- see the story of a huge trafic in the North of France, catched March 2012:
Since May 2011 a group of four young mens brought in huge quantity different drugs such as ecstasy, speed and 17.000 LSD blotters paper from the Netherlands among others through Belgium into the North of France. They mostly transport the drugs in corpore or in a tricked suit case and passed the borders by train or other public transports.
The gang composed by 4 mens aged 25 to 45 years was finally catched in March 2012 in Lille, France and is soon going to be judge. URL: http://www.lavoixdunord.fr/Locales/Metropole_Lilloise/actualite/Secteur_Metropole_Lilloise/2012/03/03/article_une-106-chargee-et-quatre-lillois-soupco.shtml

This is not the first time dealers were catched in this area of europe. 20 years later in 1992 a british citizen was catched with 100.000 doses of LSD in his luggage - whih is until now the biggest catch of LSD Dealer in France. URL: http://archives.lesoir.be/saisie-record-de-lsd-en-france-100-000-doses-sur-le-cou_t-19920522-Z05D4Z.html

In France in 2008, 90.021 LSD carriers (mostly blotter papers but more recently gelatine too) were distrained in 2008. The consumer is punished with one year of detention and or 3.750 Euros fine.

Back to a legal therapeutical use of LSD ?

There are a few research institutes, who conducted clinical trials using legally a psychedelic on subjects suffering from psychosocial distress, in particular anxiety associated with life threatening illnesses like cancer, or suffering from obessive compulsive disorder. Name and Informationen about their actual studies/clinical trials below:

- The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) conducts and/or finances a lot of researches on the therapeutical use of Psychedelic Drugs - among them LSD.

2010 they successfully conducted researches on LSD-Assisted Psychotherapy for Anxiety Associated with Life-Threatening Illness. To find more about it, take a look to the protocol of the study: http://www.maps.org/research/lsd/swisslsd/LDA1010707.pdf or watch the video-presentation at the „Conference of Psychedelic Science in the 21st Century“ (April 2010) of Peter Gasser M.D. about this study (with MAPS, and in collaboration with the Heffter Research Institute, the Council on Spiritual Practices, and the Beckley Foundation) on http://vimeo.com/15433251

2011 the MAPS funded partly a study conducted at Imperial College London about the use of psilocybin (classic psychedelic drug pharmacologically related to lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)) in psychotherapy, which results were published in the March issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry. It shows that Healthy adults recall memories much more vividly while under the influence of the hallucinogen psilocybin, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data reveal a neurobiological basis for this effect. Psilocybin could be combined with positive memory cues as a treatment for depression — facilitating the recall of positive life events so to reverse pessimistic mind-sets for example. More Informations on:

http://www.maps.org/media/view/psychedelic_drug_may_have_a_role_in_psychotherapy/

 The Heffter Research Institute (http://www.heffter.org/) also conducted a lot of experiments about the use of LSD (or other hallucinogens) in the treament of advanced (or early)-stage Cancer patients with anxiety-disorder.

- in collaboration with Harbor UCLA, Study about the effects of Psilocybin (another powerfull hallucinogene) on Advanced-Stage Cancer Patients With Anxiety.

To learn more about this trial, please visit these pages: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00302744?term=NCT00302744&rank=1 or http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20819978

You can also watch the testimony of Pam Sakuda, one of the study’s subject and see how she reacted to this new treatment: http://blip.tv/heffter-research-institute/pam-sakuda-psilocybin-session-interview-516292


- in collaboration with Johns Hopkins, Study about the effects of Psilocybin on Advanced-and Early Stage Cancer Patients with Anxiety. To learn more about this trial, please visit this page: http://www.heffter.org/research-jhuc.htm

- in collaboration with the NYU, The Psilocybin Cancer Anxiety Study. To learn more about this trial, please visit this page: http://www.nyucanceranxiety.org/

See two interviews with participants of the John Hopkins Psilocybin Cancer Project made for "The Substance"

Internet-Buzz: LSD could treat alcoholism

Researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology  have completed a "meta-analysis" — a study of six other studies done between 1966 and 1970 on more than 500 patients — and concluded that "a single dose of LSD, in the context of various alcoholism treatment programs, is associated with a decrease in alcohol misuse." The analysis - just published online by the Journal of Psychopharmacology and funded by the Research Council of Norway - points out further the fact that this treatment approach has been largely overlooked. In part, there may have been statistical and methodological reasons. As well, "the complicated social and political history of LSD led to increasing difficulties in obtaining regulatory approval for clinical trials. The effectiveness of a single dose of LSD, the Norway study said, compares well with the effectiveness of commonly prescribed alcohol-abuse medications such as naltrexone, acamprosate, or disulfiram.

To see the full report:
Teri S. Krebs and Pål-Ørjan Johansen. Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) for alcoholism: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 9 March 2012 DOI
URL: http://jop.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/03/08/0269881112439253.full.pdf+html


and a very good article from the TIME by Maia Szalavitz:

http://healthland.time.com/2012/03/09/lsd-may-help-treat-alcoholism/

more comments in the worldwide medias:
http://science.orf.at/stories/1695639/
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/03/120308224524.htmhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-17297714
http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/health/2012/03/09/could-lsd-treat-alcoholism/
http://www.foxnews.com/health/2012/03/09/mind-altering-lsd-could-treat-alcoholism-study-claims/
http://www.slate.fr/lien/51259/lsd-alcoolisme
http://www.futura-sciences.com/fr/news/t/medecine/d/lsd-une-molaccule-de-choix-pour-traiter-laalcoolisme_37381/
http://www.topsante.com/sante-au-quotidien/Actus/Du-LSD-pour-soigner-l-alcoolisme


Dr. Erika Dyck of The University of Alberta already analysed and published 2006 in "the social history of medicine" similar probative results of Studies conducted by Psychiatrists from Saskatchewan (Canada) in the 50's and 60's. She interviewed the former patients and they all confirmed that they are still sober. "The LSD somehow gave these people experiences that psychologically took them outside of themselves and allowed them to see their own unhealthy behavior more objectively, and then determine to change it."
For more informations, see: http://www.heise.de/tp/artikel/23/23716/1.html
To read the full article, see: http://shm.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/2/313.full.pdf+html?sid=f9813bc8-331e-4003-8427-e2b21ca1bf0c

FORUM AND WEBSITE

There are a lot of Websites and forum, about Drugs, but only a few serious ones, who really inform about Drugs, especially LSD, about the danger and also about possible legal application areas. DRUGS-FORUM.COM ist one of them.
Drugs-Forum offers a wealth of quality information and discussion of drug-related politics, in addition to assistance for members struggling with addiction. In this capacity, Drugs-forum has proved to save lives. Our members include researchers, drug users, harm-reduction specialists, concerned parents, officials, NGOs, lawyers, doctors, journalists and addiction specialists.

Read more:

http://www.drugs-forum.com/index.php#ixzz1sa4lUzWc

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